Legal Basics

related legal fields

ICO Development
(Neufund experience)
Founder and Investor relations – exit conditions

Terms and conditions of convertible bonds


SMART Contracts between private industry and institutions on public / private research

… (current non- digitalized samples ger.)

EU Papers found (2017 / p.62) Bernstein Technologies
Similar to the two cases already described, Bernstein Technologies registers the hash
of documents on the blockchain, thus providing proof of existence, integrity and
However, Bernstein specialises in making intellectual property claims, which
can then be used to secure copyright or patents. As such, it provides a platform by which
patent claims can be uploaded to their platform, notarised and time-stamped on the
blockchain. Traditional copyright and patent practices provide protection for an invention,
but also require the disclosure of such invention. By storing the hash of the document on
the blockchain, the invention can be verifiably published, without needing to reveal its
Outside of copyright and patents, the system can also be used to secure trade secrets,
lab notes and other internal intellectual property.”

Standardisation vs. local, national and specific institutional regulations

intellectual property rights management

-> SMART Contracts:  Info engl., Info ger/CH